ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤


由于之前是用Centos7搭建的,后来使用ubuntu 20.04的系统做为个人开发环境,所以想在ubuntu上也搭建一下环境,和Centos有一些小区别所以记录一下仅供学习。




  tar zxf php-7.3.18.tar.gz  tar zxf mariadb-10.5.4.tar.gz  tar zxf nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz

ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤 Linux 第1张


  sudo groupadd -r nginx && sudo useradd -r -g nginx -s /sbin/nologin -d /usr/local/nginx nginx  sudo apt install -y libpcre3-dev zlib1g-dev  cd /home/allen/下载/nginx-1.18.0  ./configure --user=nginx --group=nginx  make -j 4 && sudo make install  sudo /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t  #nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok  #nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful  sudo mv /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf.back  sudo vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf    user nginx;  worker_processes 4;  events {    worker_connections 1024;  }  http {    include    mime.types;    default_type application/octet-stream;    sendfile   on;    keepalive_timeout 65;    log_format main '$remote_addr || $remote_user || $time_local || $request || $status || $body_bytes_sent || $http_referer || $http_user_agent || $http_x_forwarded_for';    include /data/www/*/*.conf;  }     sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/local/nginx    sudo vim /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service    [Unit]  Description=nginx  After=network.target    [Service]  Type=forking  ExecStart=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx  ExecReload=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload  ExecStop=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s quit  PrivateTmp=true    [Install]  WantedBy=multi-user.target      sudo systemctl enable nginx    #Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nginx.service → /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service.    reboot


ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤 Linux 第2张


  sudo rm -rf /etc/mysql  sudo apt remove -y mysql-common  sudo apt autoremove -y  sudo apt install -y cmake libncurses5-dev libgnutls28-dev  sudo groupadd -r mysql && sudo useradd -r -g mysql -s /sbin/nologin -d /usr/local/mariadb mysql  sudo mkdir -p /data/db /var/log/mariadb  cd /home/allen/下载/mariadb-10.5.4/  cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mariadb -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/db -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc -DWITHOUT_TOKUDB=1 -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8mb4 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8mb4_general_ci  make -j 4 && sudo make install  sudo /usr/local/mariadb/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/data/db  sudo vim /etc/my.cnf    [mysqld]  datadir = /data/db  socket = /tmp/mysql.sock  # 建议禁用符号链接,防止各类安全风险  symbolic-links = 0  collation-server = utf8mb4_general_ci  init-connect = 'SET NAMES utf8mb4'  character-set-server = utf8mb4    [mysql]  default-character-set = utf8mb4    [client]  port = 3306  socket = /tmp/mysql.sock  default-character-set = utf8mb4    [mysqld_safe]  log-error = /var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log  pid-file = /var/run/mariadb/mariadb.pid    sudo cp /usr/local/mariadb/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mariadb    sudo vim /etc/profile.d/mariadb.sh  export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mariadb/bin/    sudo chmod 0777 /etc/profile.d/mariadb.sh  source /etc/profile.d/mariadb.sh    sudo /etc/init.d/mariadb start  #Starting mariadb (via systemctl): mariadb.service.    sudo /usr/local/mariadb/bin/mysql_secure_installation 	     #NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB  #   SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!    #In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current  #password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and  #haven't set the root password yet, you should just press enter here.    #Enter current password for root (enter for none):   #OK, successfully used password, moving on...    #Setting the root password or using the unix_socket ensures that nobody  #can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation.    #You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'.    #Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] y  #Enabled successfully!  #Reloading privilege tables..  # ... Success!      #You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'.    #Change the root password? [Y/n] y  #New password:   #Re-enter new password:   #Password updated successfully!  #Reloading privilege tables..  # ... Success!      #By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone  #to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for  #them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation  #go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a  #production environment.    #Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y  # ... Success!    #Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This  #ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.    #Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] n  # ... skipping.    #By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can  #access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed  #before moving into a production environment.    #Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y  # - Dropping test database...  # ... Success!  # - Removing privileges on test database...  # ... Success!    #Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far  #will take effect immediately.    #Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y  # ... Success!    #Cleaning up...    #All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB  #installation should now be secure.    #Thanks for using MariaDB!    sudo systemctl enable mariadb     sudo chown mysql:mysql -R /usr/local/mariadb /data/db /var/log/mariadb    reboot


ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤 Linux 第3张


  sudo apt install -y libxml2-dev libssl-dev libbz2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev libjpeg-dev libpng-dev pkg-config libxslt1-dev libzip-dev libfreetype6-dev libfontconfig1-dev autoconf  sudo groupadd -r php && sudo useradd -r -g php -s /sbin/nologin -d /usr/local/php php  sudo vim /etc/sudoers  php   ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL  cd /home/allen/下载/php-7.3.18/      ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --exec-prefix=/usr/local/php --with-fpm-user=php --with-fpm-group=php --enable-zip --with-curl --with-gettext --with-iconv-dir --with-kerberos --with-libdir=lib64 --with-mysqli --with-openssl --with-pdo-mysql --with-pdo-sqlite --with-pear --with-xmlrpc --with-xsl --with-zlib --with-bz2 --with-mhash --enable-bcmath --enable-inline-optimization --enable-mbregex --enable-mbstring --enable-opcache --enable-pcntl --enable-shmop --enable-soap --enable-sockets --enable-sysvsem --enable-sysvshm --enable-xml --enable-fpm --with-freetype-dir --with-gd --with-libxml-dir --with-pcre-regex --enable-libxml --enable-zip --with-png-dir --with-jpeg-dir


configure: error: freetype-config not found.


这是由于在 Ubuntu 19.04 中 apt-get 安装的 libfreetype6-dev 版本为 2.9.1-3
在 changelog 中写到:

The `freetype-config' script is no longer installed by default
(Closes: #871470, #886461). All packages depending on libfreetype6-dev
should use pkg-config to find the relevant CFLAGS and libraries.
freetype-config 被替代成 pkg-config ,新版本使用 pkg-config 管理 CFLAGS 和 库。


  cat ./configure | grep "freetype-config" -n  34847:   if test -f "$i/bin/freetype-config"; then  34849:    FREETYPE2_CONFIG="$i/bin/freetype-config"  34855:   as_fn_error $? "freetype-config not found." "$LINENO" 5  36568:   if test -f "$i/bin/freetype-config"; then  36570:    FREETYPE2_CONFIG="$i/bin/freetype-config"  36576:   as_fn_error $? "freetype-config not found." "$LINENO" 5    sed -i "s/freetype-config/pkg-config/g" ./configure

  cat ./configure | grep "FREETYPE2_CONFIG --cflags" -n  34858:  FREETYPE2_CFLAGS=`$FREETYPE2_CONFIG --cflags`  36579:  FREETYPE2_CFLAGS=`$FREETYPE2_CONFIG --cflags`    sed -i "s/FREETYPE2_CONFIG --cflags/FREETYPE2_CONFIG freetype2 --cflags/g" ./configure

  cat ./configure | grep "FREETYPE2_CONFIG --libs" -n   34859:  FREETYPE2_LIBS=`$FREETYPE2_CONFIG --libs`  36580:  FREETYPE2_LIBS=`$FREETYPE2_CONFIG --libs`    sed -i "s/FREETYPE2_CONFIG --libs/FREETYPE2_CONFIG freetype2 --libs/g" ./configure

  cat ./ext/gd/config.m4 | grep "freetype-config" -n  188:   if test -f "$i/bin/freetype-config"; then  190:    FREETYPE2_CONFIG="$i/bin/freetype-config"  196:   AC_MSG_ERROR([freetype-config not found.])    sed -i "s/freetype-config/pkg-config/g" ./ext/gd/config.m4


  Thank you for using PHP.    make -j 4 && sudo make install    sudo cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini    sudo cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf    sudo cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf    vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf  listen.mode = 0666  pm.max_children = 128  pm.start_servers = 20  pm.min_spare_servers = 5  pm.max_spare_servers = 35  pm.max_requests = 10000  slowlog = log/$pool.log.slow  rlimit_files = 1024    sudo vim /etc/profile.d/php.sh  export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/php/bin/    sudo chmod 0777 /etc/profile.d/php.sh && source /etc/profile.d/php.sh    sudo cp sapi/fpm/php-fpm.service /etc/systemd/system/php.service



  cd /home/allen/下载  tar zxf xdebug-2.9.6.tgz  cd xdebug-2.9.6  phpize  ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config  make -j 4 && sudo make install


下载Apcu http://pecl.php.net/get/apcu-5.1.18.tgz

  cd /home/allen/下载  tar zxf apcu-5.1.18.tgz  cd apcu-5.1.18  phpize  ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config  make -j 4 && sudo make install


  sudo   vim /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini    date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai  expose_php = off  max_execution_time = 0  memory_limit = 4096M  display_errors = On  cgi.fix_pathinfo=0  extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20180731/"  extension=pgsql  extension=apcu    zend_extension=/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20180731/xdebug.so  [xdebug]  xdebug.var_display_max_children=10240  xdebug.var_display_max_data=20480  xdebug.var_display_max_depth=50


  sudo systemctl enable php-fpm    sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mariadb  sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/local/nginx  sudo chown -R php:php /usr/local/php  reboot 

ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤 Linux 第4张

到此这篇关于ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤的文章就介绍到这了,更多相关ubuntu 20.04搭建LNMP内容请搜索脚本之家以前的文章或继续浏览下面的相关文章希望大家以后多多支持脚本之家!