一、下载 http://www.tcpdump.org/#latest-release,下载libcap-1.8.1.tar.gz, 解压缩之后

错误1: ./configure

  checking for getifaddrs... yes   checking ifaddrs.h usability... yes   checking ifaddrs.h presence... yes   checking for ifaddrs.h... yes   checking for socklen_t... yes   checking for getaddrinfo... yes   checking whether to build optimizer debugging code... no   checking whether to build parser debugging code... no   checking whether we have DAG API headers... no   checking whether we have Septel API headers... no   checking whether we have Myricom Sniffer API... no   checking whether TurboCap is supported... no   checking for flex... no   checking for lex... no   configure: error: Neither flex nor lex was found.


  error: Neither flex nor lex was found. 

解决办法: sudo apt-get install flex bison

  Reading package lists... Done   Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done   The following package was automatically installed and is no longer required:    linux-image-extra-4.4.0-34-generic   Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove it.   The following additional packages will be installed:    libbison-dev libfl-dev   Suggested packages:    bison-doc   The following NEW packages will be installed:    bison flex libbison-dev libfl-dev   0 upgraded, 4 newly installed, 0 to remove and 7 not upgraded.   Need to get 900 kB of archives.   After this operation, 2,692 kB of additional disk space will be used.   Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y   Get:1 http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libfl-dev amd64 2.6.0-11 [12.5 kB]   Get:2 http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 flex amd64 2.6.0-11 [290 kB]   Get:3 http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libbison-dev amd64 2:3.0.4.dfsg-1 [338 kB]   Get:4 http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 bison amd64 2:3.0.4.dfsg-1 [259 kB]   Fetched 900 kB in 1s (518 kB/s)   Selecting previously unselected package libfl-dev:amd64. 

然后输入==>   sudo make install , 进行安装


  checking for gcc... gcc   checking whether the C compiler works... yes   checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out   checking for suffix of executables...    checking whether we are cross compiling... no   checking for suffix of object files... o   checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes   checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes   checking for gcc option to accept ISO C89... none needed   checking for pcap_open_live in -lpcap... no   error: pcap library not found! 


  sudo apt-get install libsqlite3-dev libpcap-dev 




将LANG zh_CN.UTF-8修改为en_US.UTF-8  , LANGUAGE zh_CN:zh修改为en_US:en



方法1:system settings->Languange-support->keyboard input method system ->ibus 

Ubuntu常见错误问题的解决方法小结 Linux 第1张



system->preferences->startup application

Ubuntu常见错误问题的解决方法小结 Linux 第2张    

-d 的意思是让ibus在后台运行