CentOS7.4下MySQL5.7.28二进制方式安装的方法步骤 Linux 第1张



  [root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep mariadb  mariadb-libs-5.5.56-2.el7.x86_64  [root@localhost ~]# rpm -e --nodeps mariadb-libs-5.5.56-2.el7.x86_64


  [root@localhost ~]# groupadd mysql  [root@localhost ~]# useradd -r -g mysql -s /bin/false mysql



  [root@localhost ~]# mkdir -p /app/data  [root@localhost ~]# chown mysql.mysql /app/data/  [root@localhost ~]# chmod 750 /app/data  


  [root@localhost ~]# tar xvf mysql-5.7.28-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local/  root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/local  [root@localhost local]# ln -sv mysql-5.7.28-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 mysql  ‘mysql' -> ‘mysql-5.7.28-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64'


  [root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/local/mysql  [root@localhost mysql]# bin/mysqld --initialize --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/app/data  2019-11-03T09:47:18.263716Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).  2019-11-03T09:47:19.059462Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=45790  2019-11-03T09:47:19.140866Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables.  2019-11-03T09:47:19.207569Z 0 [Warning] No existing UUID has been found, so we assume that this is the first time that this server has been started. Generating a new UUID: ed1cd8ec-fe1e-11e9-8c9c-000c29f8617a.  2019-11-03T09:47:19.209181Z 0 [Warning] Gtid table is not ready to be used. Table 'mysql.gtid_executed' cannot be opened.  2019-11-03T09:47:19.646366Z 0 [Warning] CA certificate ca.pem is self signed.  2019-11-03T09:47:20.056792Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: rY-6f??#!<zO

其中--basedir mysql基础目录 --datadir mysql数据存放目录,并创建了root用户的临时密码:rY-6f??#!<zO


  [root@localhost mysql]# bin/mysql_ssl_rsa_setup  2019-11-03 23:09:55 [ERROR]  Failed to access directory pointed by --datadir. Please make sure that directory exists and is accessible by mysql_ssl_rsa_setup. Supplied value : /usr/local/mysql/data  [root@localhost mysql]# bin/mysql_ssl_rsa_setup --datadir=/app/data



  [root@localhost mysql]# vim /etc/my.cnf  [mysqld]  # GENERAL  datadir=/app/data  socket=/app/data/mysql.sock  user=mysql  default-storage-engine=InnoDB    [mysqld_safe]  log-error=/app/data/mysql-error.log  pid-file=/app/data/mysqld.pid    [client]  socket=/app/data/mysql.sock


  [root@localhost mysql]# bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &


  [root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/profile  #添加下面一行  export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin  [root@localhost ~]# source /etc/profile  


  [root@localhost mysql]# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql.server  [root@localhost mysql]# chkconfig --add mysql.server


  [root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot -p  Enter password:  Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g.  Your MySQL connection id is 2  Server version: 5.7.28    Copyright (c) 2000, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.    Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its  affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective  owners.    Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement.    mysql>