Linux traceroute命令使用详解



  Options:   -4             Use IPv4   -6             Use IPv6   -d --debug         Enable socket level debugging   -F --dont-fragment     Do not fragment packets   -f first_ttl --first=first_ttl                 Start from the first_ttl hop (instead from 1)   -g gate,... --gateway=gate,...                 Route packets through the specified gateway                 (maximum 8 for IPv4 and 127 for IPv6)   -I --icmp         Use ICMP ECHO for tracerouting   -T --tcp          Use TCP SYN for tracerouting   -i device --interface=device                 Specify a network interface to operate with   -m max_ttl --max-hops=max_ttl                 Set the max number of hops (max TTL to be                 reached). Default is 30   -N squeries --sim-queries=squeries                 Set the number of probes to be tried                 simultaneously (default is 16)   -n             Do not resolve IP addresses to their domain names   -p port --port=port    Set the destination port to use. It is either                 initial udp port value for "default" method                 (incremented by each probe, default is 33434), or                 initial seq for "icmp" (incremented as well,                 default from 1), or some constant destination                 port for other methods (with default of 80 for                 "tcp", 53 for "udp", etc.)   -t tos --tos=tos      Set the TOS (IPv4 type of service) or TC (IPv6                 traffic class) value for outgoing packets   -l flow_label --flowlabel=flow_label                 Use specified flow_label for IPv6 packets   -w waittime --wait=waittime                 Set the number of seconds to wait for response to                 a probe (default is 5.0). Non-integer (float                 point) values allowed too   -q nqueries --queries=nqueries                 Set the number of probes per each hop. Default is                 3   -r             Bypass the normal routing and send directly to a                 host on an attached network   -s src_addr --source=src_addr                 Use source src_addr for outgoing packets   -z sendwait --sendwait=sendwait                 Minimal time interval between probes (default 0).                 If the value is more than 10, then it specifies a                 number in milliseconds, else it is a number of                 seconds (float point values allowed too)   -e --extensions      Show ICMP extensions (if present), including MPLS   -A --as-path-lookups    Perform AS path lookups in routing registries and                 print results directly after the corresponding                 addresses   -M name --module=name   Use specified module (either builtin or external)                 for traceroute operations. Most methods have                 their shortcuts (`-I' means `-M icmp' etc.)   -O OPTS,... --options=OPTS,...                 Use module-specific option OPTS for the                 traceroute module. Several OPTS allowed,                 separated by comma. If OPTS is "help", print info                 about available options   --sport=num         Use source port num for outgoing packets. Implies                 `-N 1'   -U --udp          Use UDP to particular port for tracerouting                 (instead of increasing the port per each probe),                 default port is 53   -UL             Use UDPLITE for tracerouting (default dest port                 is 53)   -P prot --protocol=prot  Use raw packet of protocol prot for tracerouting   --mtu            Discover MTU along the path being traced. Implies                 `-F -N 1'   --back           Guess the number of hops in the backward path and                 print if it differs   -V --version        Print version info and exit   --help           Read this help and exit



  traceroute -n -m 5 -q 4 -w 3

Linux traceroute命令使用详解 Linux 第1张

说明: -n 显示IP地址,不查主机名, -m 设置跳数

-q 4每个网关发送4个数据包 -w 把对外发探测包的等待响应时间设置为3秒


  traceroute -p 6888


  traceroute -r

Linux traceroute命令使用详解 Linux 第2张